The Turabian style (based off of the Chicago Manual) is often used to cite sources within the areas of religion, philosophy, and other humanities disciplines.
This style guide is meant to be used to determine general formatting of research papers, in text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
You may have heard your professors interchangeably refer to the Chicago or Turabian style formats. Turabian is based upon the original Chicago Manual of Style and very closely follows its structure. So for the purposes of this guide, we will be focusing primarily on Turabian.
The examples in this guide will show the Notes-Bibliography (NB) format. For Notes-Bibliography, the bibliography items are listed alphabetically at the end of the research paper, and footnote references are utilized for citations within the body of the paper.
For specific Biblical Studies resources and tools that are not expressly covered by Turabian, the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) guide is used. The SBL style guide builds upon Turabian and provides reference for citing subject specific material that may not fit within the basic formatting of Chicago/Turabian.
HIU Graduate Ministry students: Please refer to the Grad Ministry tab of this guide for explicit style requirements adopted by the HIU Graduate Ministry Program.