Two authors. Same last name. Different first names. Same publication years.
Rule: Order by first initials.
Entry by author who also appears as one of many authors in another resource.
Rule: Single author appears first in list.
One author. Two publications. No dates.
Rule: Add lower case letter.
(NOTE: If there is no date of publication, use n.d.)
Two resources. One author. Same year.
Rule: Arrange alphabetically by title and add lower case letters to the year.
General guidelines for the References page
This example refers to in-text citations such as:
20201214 - rrh
To create hanging indent spacing In Microsoft Word:
See examples of a References list using the APA 7th ed. format in the sample papers, below.
The References page format is the same for both Student and Professional papers.
A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string that identifies content and provides a persistent link to its location on the internet. DOIs can be found in database records and the reference lists of published works.
A URL specifies the location of digital information on the internet and can be found in the address bar of your internet browser. URLs in references should link directly to the cited work when possible.
For more information about the use of DOIs and URLs in APA style, go to the APA website: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/dois-urls